Introduction of HCM Data Loader
HCM Data Loader (HDL) supports a flexible, pipe-delimited file format that allows you to provide just the business objects, components and component attributes that are required for your use case. Full sets of data can be loaded or just incremental changes. To achieve this flexibility, each file submitted for loading, must provide a definition of the business object attributes that are provided in the file.
Brief introduction to the HCM Data Loader
Oracle HCM Cloud business objects can be complex and are usually hierarchical, allowing for multiple child records to exist for a business object, e.g. multiple phone numbers for a Person, or multiple columns and rows for a user defined table. Each delimited file will contain the data for a single business object hierarchy. The file will be named for the business object and have a .dat file extension. For example, Worker.dat contains data for workers, Job.dat contains data for jobs and ElementEntry.dat contains data for element entries.
When you supply data to be processed by HDL, you must uniquely identify each record in the file. For new records, two mechanisms are supported:
User Key – A combination of user-friendly attributes that can be found on the user interface, which uniquely identify the record. For example, the JobCode and SetCode for a Job, the Person Number for a Worker.
Source Key – A combination of two attributes, SourceSystemId and SourceSystemOwner, are used to uniquely identify the record. The SourceSystemId value can be any value, but is often the identifier on the source system, or a value generated by an algorithm. The SourceSystemOwner ensures the source key is unique, when multiple source system exist.
What Do You Need?
- Access to import and load data, using HCM Data Loader. For this you need the following functional security privileges:
- A text editor, in order to create your files.
- A file compressor, in order to zip your files.
Creating Your First File
In this step, you will create a simple file to load new grades. User keys are used to uniquely identify each grade.
Using any text editor, create a new file and enter the following line:
All files must include METADATA lines, to explain which attributes are included in the file and the order in which their values are supplied.
All attribute names and values are delimited by the pipe ‘|’ character by default.The string immediately after the METADATA instruction identifies the record type the attributes are for, in this case ‘Grade’. The values that follow are the names of the attributes available on the Grade record, that you want to supply data for.
Note: Ensure your text editor is using UTF-8 encoding.
On the next line enter the following:
MERGE|Grade|IC1|COMMON|Individual Contributor 1|2000/01/01|A
The MERGE instruction tells HDL to create the grade if it doesn’t already exist, or update it if it does.Again, the value immediately after the MERGE instruction identifies the record type the attributes for. The values that follow are the values for the attributes named in the corresponding METADATA line.
Add these MERGE lines to your file:
MERGE|Grade|IC2|COMMON|Individual Contributor 2|2000/01/01|A
MERGE|Grade|IC3|COMMON|Individual Contributor 3|2000/01/01|A
Each record needs to be uniquely identified. For grade records the user key is the combination of GradeCode and SetCode, i.e. IC2 and COMMON.
Save your file, naming it Grade.dat. Alternatively, you can download and edit the Grade.dat file.
Compress (zip) the Grade.dat into a filename of your choice, but it must have a .zip file extension. You have created your first HCM Data Loader file for bulk loading grades. Follow the next step to import this into the HDL staging tables and load the data into the application tables.
2. Importing and Loading Your File
- In the application, on the home page, click My Client Groups > Data Exchange
- On the Data Exchange page, click Import and Load Data
3. Click Import File on the page header.
4. Drag and drop your .zip file from your file explorer to the Choose File button. Alternatively, click the Choose File button to search and select your file.
5. The process parameters are displayed, click Submit.
Tip: You don’t need to change the parameters values.
6. Click OK on the Submitted confirmation page.
7. You’re returned to the Import and Load Data page. Click Refresh to see your data set.
Tip: Data sets have the same name as your zip file.
The Import Status will indicate if the business object .dat files in your zip file imported into the staging tables correctly. Here you can see that import was successful.
The Load Status will indicate if the data is successfully loaded in the Oracle HCM Cloud application tables. The clock icon indicates that Load is still in progress.
There are various counts; your file contained 5 data lines, so the Total Lines should be 5. In this simple file the 5 lines represented 5 grade objects, so the Total Objects should also be 5.
Advantages Of HCM Data Loader (HDL)
- HDL has the capability to access most of the Business Objects.
- Support for Partial and Incremental data loading. (no need to create record fully)
- If your HCM instance is configured with flex fields or user-defined fields, then you are capable of load values in those fields.
- Comprehensive bulk loading capabilities.
- User-managed loading or Automated using Web services this allows the tool to be fully autonomous and without user-initiated data load.
- Images/Documents can be loaded with records so that the system can associate them.
- Bulk loading of HCM data from any source.
- Flexible, pipe-delimited file format.
- Stage Table Maintenance.
- Capability to track and monitor in real-time.
- Ability to set the number of threads that are driving a process.